Background and Purpose: Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is one of the most important nutritional sources in the South West of Asia and North Africa. After Egypt, Iran is the second country in date production in the world. By development of science in various fields in recent years, several aspects of medicinal and nutritional benefits of date palm have been confirmed. By studying of Quran, narrations and hadiths of the Imams (AS), we found that many of these benefits and other properties of date have already been mentioned. Therefore, this article is prepared to determine the nutritional and remedial properties of date in the Quran, hadith and traditional medicine as well as in modern medicine.
Methods and Materials: Generally, date palm has nutritious, sedative, expectorant, laxative, sexual desire enhancer effects. It is also effective for the treatment of respiratory diseases, cough, asthma; chest pains, fever, high blood pressure and fatigue. This research was performed as a review study on totally 105 qualified resources about the medical properties of date palm in Quran, hadiths, traditional medicine as well as recent scientific researches from 2000 to 2016.
Results: Despite the recommendations of Quran and Prophet, Imams and traditional resources to the consumption of date palm, findings of recent studies also indicate that the date palm is effective in the treatment of various diseases such as cardiovascular disease, infectious diseases, diabetes, infertility, scar stomach, cancer, Parkinson and Alzheimer. It also has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. The findings of this research can be an effective step to confirm the scientific aspects of Quran and narratives of the Imams (AS), especially in the case of fruits like date palm.