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Hakim Shah-Mohammad Ibn Haji Qazvini (15th century A.D) and his work on lifestyle management during epidemics
Nafise Shaabani, Narges Tajik, Zahra Ghahramani, Zahra Alamdar, Mohammad Hossien Ayati *
Abstract:   (119 Views)
Epidemic and contagious diseases have been common in human societies for a long time and have persistently caused problems. Ancient Iranians were familiar with contagious diseases and prevented their spread with preventive measures. The preventive approach after Islam in Persian medicine has been emphasized by Iranian Muslim scholars and they have written many treatises on this topic. Nasihat-Nama Suleimani by Hakim Shah-Mohammad Ibn Haji Qazvini (15th century A.D) is a short, but valuable work written to maintain health during epidemics. The current research is a review study with a library method, which introduces the book Nasihat-Nama Suleimani and its author, Hakim Shah-Mohammad Ibn Haji Qazvini, and explains the preventive measures mentioned in the work. Hakim Shah-Mohammad Ibn Haji Qazvini was one of the Sunni Iranian scholars who lived in Iran in the Safavid era, and then migrated to Istanbul at the invitation of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II. In the 15th century, the Ottoman Empire faced epidemics such as plague and other infections. The author wrote the valuable work "Nasihat-Nama Suleimani" on lifestyle management (Hifz al-Sihha) in Persian language in 1522 during epidemics, and dedicated it to Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent (1520-1566 AD). The author describes preventive measures during epidemics based on the six essential principles of lifestyle in Persian Medicine. Today, with the emergence of the COVID-19 epidemic and the role of compliance with health guidelines, the importance of health and prevention has become more and more clear to everyone, while Persian medical scholars had good knowledge and awareness of the field of health and public health since the most ancient times and considered prevention before treatment and paid attention to health protection measures.
Keywords: Epidemics, COVID-19, Persian Medicine, History of Medicine
Memorial article: Review Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2023/04/10 | Accepted: 2023/03/1
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Shaabani N, Tajik N, Ghahramani Z, Alamdar Z, Ayati M H. Hakim Shah-Mohammad Ibn Haji Qazvini (15th century A.D) and his work on lifestyle management during epidemics. jiitm 2023; 13 (4)
URL: http://jiitm.ir/article-1-1557-en.html

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Volume 13, Issue 4 (winter 2023) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب سنتی اسلام و ایران Journal of Islamic and Iranian Traditional Medicine

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