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:: Volume 8, Issue 4 (Winter 2018) ::
jiitm 2018, 8(4): 489-500 Back to browse issues page
Identification, preliminary phytochemical evaluation and ethnobotanical uses of selected plant flora of Mariwan
GH. Asghari , M. Sadeghi Dinani Sadeghi Dinani , F. Houshidari , B. Ravanbakhsh *
Abstract:   (1429 Views)
Background and Purpose: Regard to the diversity of climate and plant flora, nowadays we are witnessing growing progress in the cultivation and use of medicinal plants in our country. Study of plant flora of different regions, identifying major industrial and medicinal plants and phytochemical study of plants are appropriate solutions for scientific organization of this approach. The present study is aimed to collect, identify and evaluate preliminary phytochemical and ethnobotanical properties of the most important plants in “Mariwan” region.
Methods and Materials: Most prevalent and important plants of “Mariwan” were collected in 2013 and 2014. Voucher specimens were made and the plants identified scientifically by the botanist. A selection of collected plants was subjected to preliminary phytochemical analysis for important secondary metabolites, while folklore and traditional uses of plants were recorded through interviews with local knowledgeable individuals.
Conclusion: The results of present study suggest a broad distribution of plant species, including valuable medicinal plants in the “Mariwan” region. More research in this respect can lead to the preparation of medicinal herbal products or identification of important medicinal secondary metabolites.
Results: 170 collected plant species were belonged to 41 families, among them the families of Papilionaceae, Compositae, Labiatae and Umbelliferae had the largest share. Phytochemical analyses revealed the presence of tannins and flavonoids and the absence of anthraquinones and cardiac glycosides in the majority of the plants. Alkaloids and saponins were also found in some of the plants. Most important ethnobotanical uses of plants were medicinal applications including treatment of gastrointestinal, neurological and respiratory diseases and also the use of plants as condiment.
 
Keywords: Phytochemical, Plant flora, Mariwan, Ethnobotany, Medicinal Plants
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/03/19 | Accepted: 2018/03/19 | Published: 2018/03/19
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Asghari G, Sadeghi Dinani M S D, Houshidari F, Ravanbakhsh B. Identification, preliminary phytochemical evaluation and ethnobotanical uses of selected plant flora of Mariwan . jiitm. 2018; 8 (4) :489-500
URL: http://jiitm.ir/article-1-925-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 4 (Winter 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب سنتی اسلام و ایران Journal of Islamic and Iranian Traditional Medicine
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