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:: Volume 6, Issue 1 (spring 2015) ::
jiitm 2015, 6(1): 23-42 Back to browse issues page
Development and assessment of the reliability and validity of natural and transverse temperament questionnaires
H.R. Sheikh Roshande *, F. Ghadimi, M. Alizadeh
Abstract:   (6983 Views)

Background and Purpose: Iranian traditional medicine based on thousands of years experience and on temperament assessment. Currently, there is no  standardized method for identifying different types of temperament and traditional practitioners do this action just based on their experience. In this study, according to traditional medicine references a temperament questionnaire developed, standardized and validated.
Materials & Methods: Based on  traditional medicine literature review, to determine the natural and transverse temperament a 26 and 56 item questionnaires developed, respectively.  Content validity of those questionnaires was confirmed by 5 experts in traditional medicine. The reliability of questionnaires was assessed in a pilot study on 15 individuals. Cronbach's alpha and inter cluster correlation coefficient (ICC) were calculated as reliability indices. Then the questionnaireswere used for assessment of 197 patients to evaluate their ease of use and efficiency.

Results: Cronbach's alpha for the natural and transverse temperament questionnaires was0.912 and 0.852 (p <0.001), respectively and inter cluster  correlation coefficient (ICC) for all subtypes of transverse temperament questionnaire wasabove 0.9 and for natural temperament questionnaire was 100%. More than 85% of women were evaluated as Phlegm in natural temperament, while the yellow bile and black bile temperament was the most frequent ones observed in men.

Conclusion: It seems that designed questionnaires can be used easily for temperament assessment. Complementary studies on other groups of patients  and comparisons with the results of interventions based on diagnosed temperament are recommended.

Keywords: Temperament, Natural Temperament, Transverse Temperament, Questionnaire Assessment
Full-Text [PDF 48 kb]      
Type of Study: Origianal Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/03/17 | Accepted: 2015/03/17 | Published: 2015/03/17
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Sheikh Roshande H, Ghadimi F, Alizadeh M. Development and assessment of the reliability and validity of natural and transverse temperament questionnaires. jiitm. 2015; 6 (1) :23-42
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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 6, Issue 1 (spring 2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله طب سنتی اسلام و ایران Journal of Islamic and Iranian Traditional Medicine

Creative Commons License
This Journal is licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

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